D.O. Jumilla

D.O.P. Jumilla

Jumilla is located in the Mediterranean Region of Murcia in Southeast Spain. It is named after the city of Jumilla and has had a long history of producing high quality wines. Although wine production in the region dates back to Roman times, it has a very interesting history. Jumilla experienced a boom when France’s vineyards were suffering from an outbreak of phylloxera. An influx of French winemakers helped improve quality and production in the area.

Jumilla is a Spanish Denominación de Origen Protegida (D.O.P.) for wines that extends over the north of the region of Murcia, including the municipality of Jumilla from which it takes its name, and over the southeast of the Albacete province in the Castilla La Mancha region.

Jumilla is characterised by wide valleys, mountains and plateaux. It is a transitional zone between the Mediterranean coastal area and the high central plateau of Castilla La Mancha, therefore vineyard altitudes vary from 400 to 800 metres above sea level.

The climate is continental with long hot summers and cold winters, tempered by the proximity to the Mediterranean Sea. The area is arid. Rainfall is low, at around 300mm per year, and it is irregular, though it mostly falls during spring and autumn; often in the form of violent storms. The average temperature is 19°C. However, during the summer temperatures can exceed 40°C, and during the winter temperatures can drop to below 0°C. There is a risk of frost up until March, sometimes April. The vines receive over 3,000 hours of sunlight per year.

The soils are dark, lime bearing and often with a hard lime crust. In general, they are permeable and have good moisture retaining properties, which allows the vines to survive during periods of prolonged drought.